Interior Design Basics You Should Know

No matter if you’re building a new home or simply renovating your current space, there are some interior design essentials that you should be aware of before beginning any project.

The initial rule is to create a focal point. This could be in the form of furniture, artwork or other design element.


Colors are essential elements in interior design, as they create the mood and atmosphere of a space. For instance, warm hues can energize people and boost their energy levels; on the other hand, cool tones relax us and refresh us.

Though many people associate brown with a rustic or somber atmosphere, this color can also be used for relaxing purposes. For instance, it’s an ideal choice when designing a bedroom.

Colors are an international visual language that everyone understands. They are the ideal way to add life and vibrancy to a space.


Contrast is an essential design principle that can help you create a visually captivating and harmonious space, a basic in interior design. This can be accomplished through various elements such as color, shape, size, material and texture.

Color contrast is a popular way to add visual interest and depth to a room, particularly in small, narrow spaces.

Accentuating certain features or elements of a room, such as tables or chairs, is another great way to add visual interest and energy. Pairing bright white furniture with black table or chair creates an energetic atmosphere in the room.

Scale and Proportion

Scale and proportion are two essential design principles that must be employed correctly to create a unified aesthetic. They have the power to make or break a room, so it’s essential to comprehend how to utilize them optimally.

Proportion is the harmony created by design elements such as shape, color and texture. Architects and designers often relate this concept to scale – or the relative size of objects.

Proper proportions are achieved through repetition of shapes, colors and textures, controlling light sources while providing variety and style. Whether designing a living room, bedroom or office space, it’s essential to get these basics right so your interior appears inviting and livable.


Texture can be defined as the sensation of a surface that can be experienced both visually and through touch. It may be smooth, rough, fuzzy, slick or soft depending on its composition.

Interior design is heavily dependent on texture. Not only does it contribute to the atmosphere and personality of a room, but texture also provides dimension and warmth.

Tactile textures, such as fabrics and wood grain, influence how a space feels – including its visual weight. Coarser or rougher materials create an inviting atmosphere while sleek or shiny materials convey a more contemporary design aesthetic.

Selecting the ideal texture for your design is as important as picking out the ideal color or pattern. A texture that doesn’t blend in will appear out-of-place and overshadow all other choices you have made.


Patterns can be an integral element in interior design, providing rhythm, emphasis and harmony within a space. They’re also great for tying rooms together and giving the illusion of unity.

One popular way to incorporate patterns into interior design is geometric designs. These can be featured on flooring or ceilings, creating an eye-catching effect that may make rooms appear taller or wider.