Every day, companies mail packages of all shapes and sizes throughout the country. Some are small and easy to care for, while others are big and bulky or possibly hazardous. Because it is not possible for package handlers to see the inside of the packages, a freight classification system makes handling these different types of packages easy. This common-sense system enables handlers to know where to place packages within freight carriers to ensure that each package arrives safely.
Freight is placed in one of eighteen classes from 50 to 500, 50 being the easiest to handle and least expensive. The classification is determined by taking four variables into account: density, ease of handling, stowability, and liability.
A small, dense object like a book packed in a little box is easy to find a spot for on the carrier, unlikely to get harmed, and carries no liability. On the other hand, a sofa is bulky and much harder to place, but dense. An echo dot is an electronic item that is sensitive to the elements. Refrigerated foods carry a liability along with a high likelihood of being damaged, and firecrackers can be dangerous. These are all different types of freight that need to be handled differently.
The classification system makes that possible to the benefit of the sender, the handlers, and the recipients. Using classification systems offer numerous benefits to the freight industry including safety, efficiency, and cost effectiveness.
While you always hope for the best, sometimes things do happen while transporting freight. Imagine if a box of firecrackers exploded or if toxic chemicals got released during shipment. That would be devastating for everyone within close proximity to the packages. For that reason, the classification system is important. Package handlers know enough about what is inside the packages to position them in a way they are least likely to become damaged.
Freight management wants to maximize space on the carrier, businesses want their packages to make it to the recipients, and no one wants to have to pay for any damage done to a package during shipping. This is where the classification system comes in handy. Knowing the classification also means knowing the stowability of a package. Where should they place it? That is a question for each package placed on the carrier. If something is heavy, you don’t want it placed next to something breakable. The classification system makes it easier to tightly but efficiently pack freight, maximizing the space on the carrier and minimizing the likelihood of damage.
3- Cost Effectiveness
Freight classification reduces or eliminates costs associated with damaged freight. Refrigerated goods and electronic equipment can get easily damaged on the way to the recipient. This would result in unsatisfied customers and high costs for the company that sent the products. Freight classification makes it clear to package handlers that they are working with freight that is especially sensitive to the elements.
Companies working with any aspect of the freight industry should take time to learn more about classification systems and implement one.