Stroke (Cerebrovascular Diseases): Signs, Symptoms, And How To Prevent It

Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases) is one of the diseases that you need to beware of because it affects blood vessels and, eventually, leads to some problems related to the blood flow to the brain. Read on to learn what the symptoms are and how to prevent it from happening.

How Does Stroke Happen?

Oxygen and nutrients provided by the blood are very important for your brain to maintain its A-1 condition and perform very well. If the brain does not get sufficient blood supply caused by, for example, blood clot, stroke will happen. It can be very dangerous as your brain cells die, triggering brain damage or even death.

Since stroke is extremely dangerous, you need to be aware of the onset so that you can prevent it from getting worse. Here are some signs and symptoms of stroke. If you happen to experience one of them, please make a run to a doctor.

Stroke Disease

Signs of Stroke

There are some common signs of stroke.  To make it easier to memorize, the signs are represented by the acronym FAST.

  • Face

People suffering from stroke may experience facial muscles disorder. The face will fall to one side and the mouth and eye will be drooped making you unable to smile and, sometimes, keep drooling.

  • Arms

If you are suffering from stroke, you will be weaker day by day. As a result, you will not be able to raise your arms easily just like what you used to do.

  • Speech

Uttering some words has gradually turned into a challenging thing because your speech is slurred, making other people whom you are talking to cannot get you are trying to say. Finding the appropriate words can also be another hard thing to do.

  • Time

It is the time for you to seek medical treatment immediately after the symptom onset occur so that the brain damage can be alleviated and prevented from getting worse.

Do not take your health for granted! If you happen to experience one of this symptoms, medical treatments should be sought immediately.

  1. Headache

Have you ever felt dizzy suddenly? You are not under the weather, nor catching a cold, but the headache comes out of the blue? Be careful! It can be the symptom of stroke.

It happens because your brain does not get sufficient blood and oxygen so that the brain cells is getting weaker. As a result, the headache occurs.

  1. Numbness

Numbness is one of the most ubiquitous symptoms of stroke. One part of your body becomes numb before some other parts.

Before numbness occurs, you had better recognize the process of numbness so that you can alleviate it by seeking medical treatments or seeing a doctor. At first, you will get pins and needles in your fingers, toes, or other parts of your body before worsening and turning into numbness.

  1. Loss of Balance and Coordination

At first, people suffering from stroke may lose balance and coordination gradually when walking or doing everyday activities. It makes them cannot walk properly, lose their balance, and pass out. It happens because some of the brain cells are damaged or even dead.

  1. Loss of Vision

Some people often confuse it with short-sightedness and long-sightedness, thus they do not take it seriously. They think that the vision problems occur due to aging. In fact, it can be one of the symptoms of stroke.

Loss of vision happens because the eye nerves have been damaged. If it leaves untreated, it will lead to blindness.

  1. Speech Problems

People suffering stroke cannot utter some words clearly because of paralysis in the face nerves, memory loss, senility, and not being able to use facial expressions, making the speech slurred, thus people will find it difficult to comprehend you.

Since it is difficult to grasp the meaning of every single word spoken in slurred speech, people with stroke will feel depressed which leads to worsening the stroke.

It is obvious that stroke is such a dangerous disease, thus an early prevention should be done. It is better to prevent it from getting closer than curing it, right?

  1. Lower your blood pressure by cutting down on your salt intake and high-cholesterol foods.
  2. Eat more vegetables and fruits.
  3. Shed some pounds by eating low-calorie foods and increasing the amount of exercise.
  4. Exercise more by working out 30 minutes a day.
  5. Drinking alcohol one glass per day will be okay. Do not take another glass!
  6. Treat atrial fibrillation by taking anticoagulant drugs or seeing your doctor to get it treated.
  7. Treat diabetes by maintaining healthy diet, taking medicines, and working out so that your blood sugar stays in the recommended range.
  8. Quit smoking.


Keep doing those stroke (cerebrovascular diseases) preventive strategies so that it will not be worsening. If the symptoms still occurs and gets worse day by day, do not hesitate to call your doctor so that it will be treated by the expert.


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